Friday, January 19, 2018

Afghanistan: a quarter of a century without the "shuravi" (Russians)

Afghanistan: a quarter of a century without the "shuravi"

25 years ago Soviet troops after nine years of war out of Afghanistan

Local truck "jurubahasa"

The war in Afghanistan has not ended to this day — if Soviet troops entered the territory of this country, as it was said, "at the request of the people", after their care of local citizens, "forced to peace" has been the American "peacekeepers". So the war continues. And ex-soldier of the limited contingent of troops in Afghanistan remember the war every day. Today we publish their darker memories. Our interlocutors are not officers and officers and enlisted men, ordinary soldiers.

In Kabul

"Everyone was ready once more unto the breach..."

Andrew Podorozhny, a resident of Rozdol'ne guard Sergeant, he served from 1985 to 1987, 149 th guards red banner order of the red Star Czestochowa infantry regiment, based in Kunduz:
"From the Crimea to my call to Afghanistan has got 34 people, we were appointed initially in Evpatoria tank regiment, where he brought two hundred people from all over Ukraine. There have been a second Commission on the suitability of the service, and then we were sent to Tashkent, where three months we spent in basic training.
We really, guys, a little that understood where we were going and why. Remember in basic training the officer, a major from Peter, who was with us political information, so to speak, were prepared for service on foreign soil. I used to drink sotochku and begins: "Well, meat?"... And then talked about the political situation in the world and Afghanistan. And I haven't been keeping up, honest said get to the chopper. And we are all young, such hounds, he wanted us assholes a little perch. We listened with open mouths, I thought: "Oh my!" He whole truth twisting that everyone was ready breast on an embrasure to go. And let major this base: what will happen to the people of Afghanistan and the world, if we leave. Then another said that Afghanistan actually wants the Union to enter, sixteenth Republic. It turned out later that not everyone wants it...
Reconnaissance "masked"

Before sending to Afghanistan we're great "freewheeling" — to one of children's parents with the bride came here and brought vodka and snacks. Drank until transported to the airfield in the back of the machine, enough even on the plane to drink.
And then we found out that our "correct" the political officer that we are "built" for the service had their family four tier different trophy property in St. Petersburg to send — it is a long time "in Afghanistan" were. In General, among the officers was such that it robbed is terrible, and their, consider, and strangers".

Edward Lobach with colleagues

"Flash is right flash on the left!"

Edward Lobach, difference, private, served from 1985 to late 1986, in the 191st motorized rifle regiment Ghazni:
"Called from Simferopol, five months was school in Kharkiv, and there I learned that going to serve in Afghanistan. Then I got to Tashkent, and from there in Chirchik, there was a SWAT drill. From there sent soldiers from all over the Union and distributed already to the Far East, across the southern border. All already sent, and we sit. Beards have pozarastali, even shaving would not. And May 9, said, the next morning we were on the car and to the airport.
Sat for two days in Kabul, then directed us to a separate radio engineering battalion, which provided communication of staff of the 40th army in Tashkent.
But got to the location we immediately just at that time conducted combined arms operations in Panjshir and we could not fly. Was looking for a passing chopper, and they are all the eyeballs were the bombs loaded. Five days caught the helicopter. And then another, and passing the APC was looking for, even had to go back until he reached the battalion.
The most vivid recollection was the first attack. That's when I our teacher, the military instructor school remembered the command: "Flash right flash on the left!" Instantly under a rock to hide. Then, of course, got used, during the shelling and the head was raised, and fire intermittently.
The spirits then the first "Stingers" got the territory regiment of them and fired, because to us not to approach the perimeter trenches and minefields. And after a day they are simple peasants, galoshes on his bare feet, the peaceful and the poor, their almost — live with the regiment. Then all day digging gardens, then on our dump with household waste looking for something. And night closer to the positions, on the outskirts of the minefield will fit and fire. First shot Nursi (unguided rocket projectile), and then the "Stingers" they have to supply.
Shell-shocked me at the end of 1985, when carried to be treated. I suddenly turned yellow (jaundice sick), we, "yellow", immersed in the same "pill" (a truck GAS-66) with the red cross on Board. So everyone knew it was a medical machine, but nobody stopped. When the shelling started, the spirits ended up in the nearby APC, he exploded, the explosion our car hooked. Woke up when we were pulling in a bunch. Not brought to the Central hospital in Kabul, and in infektsionku, it's not even a hospital, and a village of prefabricated modules, with an area of a hectare.
From our company in forty-five people were killed five, one shot himself, another a crossbow, shot himself in the hand. To be honest, he was uneasy and went to the shelf to not "get taken". Said that participated in some Scam in Bagram, laid their boys the specials. It was transferred to us. He had in the hospital came, but the hand was amputated, because necrotic. So he was discharged later all without hands."

On the streets of Kabul

"He served in Afghanistan for six months"

Ruslan Kryazhev, a resident of Simferopol district, served in Afghanistan in 1985, 682-m motorized rifle regiment of the 108th motorized rifle division Nevel, private. Awarded the medal "For courage":
"Recruited from Belogorsk, we had about two hundred people, from Feodosiya and Kerch. I'm in the military wrote that they wanted to serve in Afghanistan, for which mom cloth received. But when it became clear that I have a "team of 20", it became clear where you're going. The training was held in Uzbekistan, at Termez.
Served as all. Outputs on fighting, Stripping, escorting columns. In October, the Panjshir participated in the operation on the next attempt of capture by our troops of Ahmad Shah Massoud. We were ordered to capture him, and he had them sort of hero of the people. Then many of our were killed at the height someone has frostbite, killed someone. But capture it it did not work — I think someone warned him about the operation.
There I was badly wounded by shrapnel, were seven wounds, mostly shrapnel in the leg — we were under a mortar attack. Somehow came to our checkpoint, there legs bandaged, there was himself. But when I was already in the chopper skid, could not get up... Sent first to Bagram, then to Kabul, and from there to Military-medical Academy named after Kirov in Leningrad. Very first twelve operations, six months or even six, was discharged through the hospital in March 1986.
Disability in the civilian world I was given once, at the Academy, then Gorbachev allowed that the Afghans were given disability group from perpetual.
Turned out, I served in Afghanistan for six months, enough for a lifetime, twice went to the caravan, and the last to capture Ahmad Shah. By the way, say, he at the very height of 4300 meters where we were trying to capture, and later buried".
Ahmad Shah Massoud

Our reference
Ahmad Shah Massoud — the Afghan field commander, later defence Minister of Afghanistan, Tajik, known by the nickname lion of Panjshir, Soviet troops had against him nine military operations. "Massoud" in Arabic means "happy".

The first medals of scouts

"Afghan children — though small, but spirits..."

Oleg Nikiforov, the difference, Sergeant, served in 1981-1983 in the reconnaissance 191st regiment in Ghazni, was awarded the medal "For courage":
"Called me from Fergana, and instead of school, consider, immediately to Afghanistan were sent there to fight and learn. Here Afghan children, remember, very quickly learned Russian. Basic phrases — about what to sell, what to buy: "the Soviets, jeans necessary, or "Went to x...". But still, at least a little, and spirits. There was a case in the shelf four times in a row armored personnel carriers from the location went four times in a row exploding mines. Question: how do mines if guarded everything so that the mouse does not slip? And only the commander looked carefully and found: every day past the checkpoint is a teenager, driving a flock of the lamb, and in the evening, driving her back. And sandals the boy's strange — the soles are made, as it turned out, of finely cut tires. And while the flock was passing by the checkpoint, the boy squatted on his haunches and buried mine-"Italian", it is almost impossible to detect. On the spot remained the footsteps of the flock, and the trail of armored personnel carriers, human traces. In the morning out war machine and undermined on a mine.
And once captured we to combat a truckload of money — it's the spooks, you see, the salary carried. Their local, Afgana, there was a little, mostly it was Packed with dollars. And if you find you have Afghani, it is not particularly punishing, but for the currency period was serious. Here we have the car with its contents and burned. So for us the specials, probably six months, hunted, questioned where the currency of Delhi, visited the site. We show burned to the ground by a truck and they don't believe, because scrappy has no money, not one dollar. But something happened..."
Anatoly biting midges with commanders

"Spooks and walk, and smell different"

Anatoly biting midges, Simferopol, served in 1985-1987, a Sergeant in the 345 th guards parachute regiment:
"He called me from Petrozavodsk, I was there almost five years spent in the merchant Navy. We wrote the application in Afghanistan, eight us sailors were. Before sending parachute jump, and a 35-degree frost, and it is forbidden. Passed the Fergana school, and sent me to Kabul and two friends in Bagram, and here I am the commander asked to go there. There we three of us went, three of us and then returned to civilian life. I have two shell — shock, mine-blast and on the missile.
I'm not about heroes, about the dog our tell a Squirrel. We have it is a favorite of the whole group was brought to her from a shelf, picked up on vzletke. Thought leaving for the vet, take to the Union. Squirrel spirits felt not just a dog-friend, she's a catch. The smell of another was determined for five hundred meters, spooks smell differently and walk differently. It us not just saved from bullets and shells, like a military dog have been trained to hide. He served us one and a half years, and then died in the fire. Warming up on the mound, and there exactly rocket shell hit her and ripped to shreds. Left her puppies — beam and a Sleeve, they are long on her grave whined. The liner we took, and the Beam then saved by a group of spirits made his way through the minefield and poisoned the water reserve in the tanks. And the Beam sensed a strange smell, razgavkalas, all raised on combat alert, and then found that the water was poisoned. In General, the service we have carried all, only about four-legged almost never write.
It turned out that, in addition to the Squirrels and puppies, we still have a Cobra lived under the bunks of the boxes where we slept. And coexisted with a Squirrel. And we learned about the Cobra quite by accident: it's completion, the new soldiers came in, and the snake crawled out from under the bunk and hood dismissed, hissing. He scared it all automatic horn and released. It turned out she was his cabret defended, they, too, under the bunks was hiding five feet by fifteen each. We then told the local that the Cobra is the best guard, it's just the smell of each soldier living knew, and the new soldiers, she was not familiar.
I do not like pathos, you, like, all the characters. Before we asked — tell us about the characters. And I saw the man becomes a coward, degrades, psyche he breaks down... In war, because anything can happen. We in the merchant Navy knew something, and the boys came young from their mother tear, but they life is not seen. These still do not want to remember, like as not.
Yes there are young, many before Dembele when he left a few months, was afraid to go on fighting — and suddenly killed. That mowed as they could. And if he is afraid, then he is no warrior. The commanders themselves are trying Dembele in the fighting did not take, knew that if a person feels that will kill or undermine, as a rule, happens.
A reward? To be honest: I'm a Gorbachev award was removed because he ruined our country, awards from Yushchenko also never wear — he gave the Hero of Ukraine to Bandera and Shukhevych. And don't wear a sign "From the grateful Afghan people". Think about it: that they should be grateful to us?"
Prepared by Wanda ZWICKA
Material published in the newspaper "Crimean Telegraph" № 268 dated 14 February 2014 

Buchenwald (Alarming Video) !!!!Graphic Warning !!!!

Buchenwald (Alarming Video) !!!!Graphic Warning !!!!

Tuesday, November 28, 2017

The prophecies of Edgar Cayce about Russia and the world

The prophecies of Edgar Cayce about Russia and the world

Before talking about what Edgar Cayce made the prediction about Russia, 2016 and 2017, it is necessary to start from the beginning. He predicted the collapse of the Soviet Union for 50 years after the end of world War II. The important point he believed that Russia freed from the burden of communism, but she will not progress, but the crisis.
In this he was right. Position of Russia after the Soviet collapse really was disastrous. But, according to Edgar, after 2010 when the USSR will be reborn in a completely new form. Left Edgar Cayce prediction on Russia 2018.

The country will stand at the head of the Earth

He predicted that Siberia will be the center of the Earth. And the Slavic people in the society will be a just and equitable peace. First, the Russian people, and then all mankind will live for their beloved and near people. This will come from the Russians. However, according to the prophet, it will be in the distant future. It will be many years before this principle was born, and then another, and acquire their true form.

Will the new leader of Russia

According to Casey, the new Leader of Russia, no one will know for a very long time. His ascension into power would be very unexpected for many people. This will happen with completely new technologies, against which the inability to resist.
Over time, the new Russian Leader will become the absolute monarch will rule all Slavic people and no one even dare to resist. Still later its impact will be comprehensive in the earth's territory. He will become the leader that brings the Law, light and prosperity to the whole Earth.
With his intellect he would be able to experience such technologies, have dreamed of the human race all the time of its existence. His skills and experience will allow you to create a device that will enable the leader and followers to attain incredible power, comparable with the divine. He will be able to increase the duration of his life and the lives of the descendants 600 years.
The new Leader, his descendants and associates to development and prosperity. At the same time all other States will starve. The new Leader will again revive the Religion of one God that will be based on equality, kindness and justice. After a short resistance, the Religion of monotheism is the whole world, completely replacing Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, etc. the Leader's House and his new nation will be the South of Siberia. By the time in this area, the climate will become very soft.

Predictions about 2018

In the transcripts of the predictions of Edgar Cayce about Russia 2018 is not very much, but all have the following interesting facts. In 2018, he predicted the following:
  • The development of relations Russia — China. So far only made the first steps in this direction, but the result is already visible;
  • The separation of Russia from the Western States. In part, this prophecy comes true. Europe imposes many sanctions against Russia. She has to break away from Europe in economic terms and to move closer to Asia.
Edgar Cayce made including predictions of Russia in 2018:
  • Continued cooperation between Russia and China and the economic success of the two powers;
  • The appearance in the southern part of Siberia and the new centers of culture, who deny the selfishness and materialism. This culture is based on kindness and equality of all people.
Actually, Edgar Cayce predicted the great Russian destiny. He believed that it was from her will depend on the future of the World.

On the natural disasters

This point in the transcripts given a lot of attention. He claims that Europe will be impossible to know. In the near future, earth's axis will shift and there will be an exposure of the polar regions. Increase the activity of volcanoes and eruptions occur due to the fact that the Arctic and Antarctica occur shift. All this will lead to the complete sinking of Greenland and the destruction of the US East coast.
The cool climate of European countries will become tropical because of climate change. Cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles destroyed, and it will be in ruins. But Russia, according to the visionary, such disasters are almost not affected. And it will be the ancestor of the latest civilization.
Predictions for Casey, most of Japan as well hide under the water, and Northern Europe will completely change your look. Islamic state, which has been ravaged by war, survive the disasters, but they will fully change order. Many countries will flood and those that were, people will trade and communicate with each other.
Edgar said that by the end of the 21st century the climate of the entire Earth will change completely — far East and Siberia will become the warmest places on the planet in which you can grow various exotic plants, but Africa, on the contrary, will become the coldest location in the world.
It should be noted that by the end of this century, according to the predictions of Cayce, three superpowers: Russia, USA, China, the head of which is yellow country (China) to unite and colonize the moon and then Mars.

Predictions of Nostradamus — the real prophecies of genius or inventions of a madman? The famous astrologer many followers who are willing to believe that all his predictions come true, but many skeptics claim that humanity simply leads us around by the nose and believe in simple coincidence. So whether or not to believe the Grand mystique? In the article: Predictions of Nostradamus on world war III The end of the world — is it worth it to wait? The three Antichrist of Nostradamus Watercolor drawings of Nostradamus Predictions of Nostradamus on world war III At the moment researchers can allocate a minimum of 12 quatrains, which can be taken as a prediction regarding world war 3. The most common and significant is the quatrain 72 Centurion X: In the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety ninth, the seventh month will descend From heaven a great king of Terror He will resurrect the great King Angolmua, before And after Mars will reign happily. The interpretation of this prophecy may be different. Often, this quatrain is associated with Putin, who in 1999 became a famous world figure and was appointed Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation. Also quite often heard a peculiar interpretation of the term "Angolmois" as some anagrams of the word "Mongolia" (or the Mongols). In this case, it is quite logical to assume that the prophet speaks of the French town of Angouleme. French leader Francois Mitterrand from there. Now the meaning of the prophecy changes completely. It already suggests that Mitterrand returned to the political ring, in order to govern. In this case, Mars in this context means the victory of the French leader, who on a horoscope is under the influence of Mars, in the great war. Approximate date of world war 3 in quatrain 16 Centurion I — followers believe that referred to "spit" in this case could mean the planet Saturn. You may also receive some other planet, or the relationship with a water sign of the Zodiac. One of the researchers claims that it was talking about Saturn and Aquarius, which are connected with Sagittarius. However, this theory is questionable. Also the "pond" is sometimes compared to the Moon which connects with Saturn in Sagittarius. Saturn was located in the constellation Sagittarius for the last time in 1998. On this basis it is logical to assume that the war, which all so are afraid, will come only in the 21st century. Free advice from Swami Dashi how to get RICH! "Always keep your... read more >> So lose weight to exhaustion, even our grandmothers in the Soviet Union! That's how easy it is to melt 1 kg of fat per day, you have to gulp... Quatrain 46 Centurion II also gives a hint, pointing to the likely onset of world war III. It refers to the fact that human troubles are not over and after some unhappiness come even greater "when will be updated the great cycle of centuries." Forecasts in General are pessimistic: devastation, hunger, war, death, and the appearance in the sky of the comet. It is possible that Nostradamus was trying to warn about a sudden meteorological phenomenon, it May be a meteorite or a comet. Of course, we have no exact date, but some researchers believe that the phrase "when will be updated the great cycle of the centuries", according to about the turn of the Millennium. If you talk about the appearance of the comet, it is mentioned in another place, quatrain 62 Centurion II. It refers to the death of Mabus, death of animals, the retribution that will fall upon the human race, poverty and the approach of a celestial body. "Mabus" in this case is a person who has not yet become very famous. The death of animals can be interpreted as the destruction of all life. If you listen to Eric Cheatham, it becomes clear that we are talking about the modern weapons that has no equal and which destroys all living things. It also States that 100 hands is a refugee camp formed in those remote parts of the world where there are wars. In this case, the comet may be interpreted not as a celestial body, but as a flying projectile or warhead, characterized by unprecedented destructive power. Michelle warns about the reduction of the world after advancing technical progress. In this prophecy, is clear. Today, people can already move through the air, through the celestial space over land and seas. It is possible that very soon the start of the war, which can make the world a smaller place. However, these are only guesses of researchers who study the legacy of the great Nostradamus. The end of the world — is it worth it to wait? Michel Nostradamus left a legacy to the world — a large number of different prophecies. As mankind has always been curious to know what will bring the coming day, any predictions are interpreted from different points of view, as convenient for each researcher. Someone is looking for the quatrains are evidence of the appearance of the leader of the world, the messenger who can change the political situation in the world. Hard to take a modern interpretation without scepticism, as the representatives of different countries believe the leader of the world and Herald their ruler. For example, often in Russia this way, equated President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin. Just because it's so hard to choose really are true, correct point of view, many skeptics insist that the predictions of Michel Nostradamus, there is no particularly important information, since these are General prophecies that can "fit" for any situation. If we talk about the end of the world, all predictions are also uncertain. Nostradamus claimed that "the great one of Rome will die", and then after 7 days will disappear all life on the planet. The followers of the French astrologer's claim that the "great of Rome" is the Vatican and the Pope. In this case, many anonymous researchers argue that the last leader of the Vatican to become Pope Francis. But translations of the quatrains associated with the end of the world, contain a lot of misprints, inaccuracies, and real paper containing the predictions provided. Nevertheless, all followers of Nostradamus believe that all mankind, it is important to monitor the health of the current Pope, because his life depends on the existence of all mankind. The three Antichrist of Nostradamus The great French astrologer described the three antichrists who will appear on earth. The first of them is the native of the land of Attila, to establish a modern Babylon, which will last 73 years and 7 months. The second of them will provoke a war in Central Europe. The third Antichrist before the end of the world will report on the unification of the Northern and Eastern countries. At the moment, perhaps the triumph of the skeptics. In his predictions, Nostradamus insists that Eastern paganism is restored, and then an era of total domination of the third Antichrist, which will lead to the end of the world in the year 2242. This information contradicts that which was described above relative to the end of the world, which will happen shortly after the death of Pope Francis. If we're talking about the 3 antichrists, mankind perceives the face of the first — Napoleon Bonaparte, the second associated with Adolf Hitler. In Russia waiting for the third Antichrist from the West, the Western researchers are actively looking for him in Russia. For example, Mr Winter is confident that the third Antichrist is the Pope, however, the researcher argues, to what the Roman Chapter are prophecies. 3 concerning the Antichrist can often be found interpretation, which States that Minor Mesopotamia will be 3 Antichrist that will free the peoples of the earth from Christian slavery and prepare the stage for a cosmic war. Li Hongzhi claims that many of the transcripts of the various prophecies of Nostradamus, the third Antichrist is recognized as the great Emperor of Terror (Great King of Terror). The researcher sees in the predictions of the relationship with China. For example, he talks about the various repressions of the Communist Party towards Falun Gong (a spiritual path of existence, which developed in China in the late 20th century). Read the article about the come true predictions of Nostradamus. Watercolor drawings of Nostradamus Watercolor famous astrologer are an integral part of his legacy. Much of what he predicted, hidden in the paintings. The government of France, which rules in the middle of the 16th century were trying to prevent the emergence of various kinds of predictions, so Michelle was forced to hide their activities. It should be noted that a detailed study of his watercolors began only in the late 20th century. Sword in hand The sword in his hand. Nostradamus. In this watercolor he depicted a strong hand gripping the sword (an edge upwards and a belted light band). Above and below are two more ribbons next to them is the wheel of Fortune, lamb and Scorpion. Also the painting depicts a tree under the weight of a wooden cudgel. Astrologer Strelnikova and other researchers argue that in this case the ribbon is the border between the lower and upper world. The master of the situation is the hand of Almighty God that keeps our world is a sharp sword. The personification of light and darkness are the lamb and Scorpio, which are opposed to one another. Above the tree that gives life, at the moment there is a threat that is instigated by greed. Sun have lion In the picture we see the sun, which are wheel of fortune and the ribbon. Under the Central object is a lion. On the right side is a padlock, on the left side is a star. If we interpret the drawing from the point of view of astrology, we can say that the sun enters the constellation of Leo. Also is it possible to explain how the sun, blinding all the sinners that were not realized in the spiritual realm. The prophecy says that only the spiritually developed people will be happy. The moon over cancer The pattern is reminiscent of the order with the moon, which is divided into three parts. Also shows the usual tape, wheel of fortune, the Crescent, and cancer. To decode the picture as the location of the moon in the constellation Cancer. This suggests that the planet accumulates force and effect on the human race. It is believed that Nostradamus spoke of three eclipses, symbolizing them as three crescents and three part of the world. Three women Here we see the figures of three women who represent the 3 mediators, conducting a knowledge which opens to the society. That information will be known, said tape facing the inner part to the viewer. The location of the boat suggests that in the near future, will the distribution of the human race and those who will be selected will be able to move on to the next stage. The main message predictions — people should develop spiritually. The end of the fifth race The painting speaks for itself. Nostradamus wanted to say that all people are divided into two categories. Some of them go to a new level of development, others will be destroyed. Motionless, lost spokes, the wheel of fortune indicates the beginning of the final cycle of life on the planet and move into the age of Aquarius. Over the world one keeps a clean book, which is a symbol that man must purify karma for further development. To help society to improve can women contactees. The prophecies of Nostradamus mysterious and frightening, but they say that to move to a new level, mankind must develop. Perhaps this will help to avoid those terrible disasters and wars, warned by a famous astrologer. 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Thursday, November 23, 2017

The new "VEP" [Vulnerability Equities Process] exploiting zero-day cyber security vulnerabilities

It’s Time for the International Community to Get Serious about Vulnerability Equities

By Kate CharletSasha RomanoskyBert Thompson
 Wednesday, November 15, 2017, 1:00 PM

The U.S. government took a long-needed step when it announcedon Wednesday new details about its Vulnerability Equities Process (VEP), the interagency process used to determine whether to notify a software vendor about a previously unknown (“zero-day”) vulnerability, or to temporarily use the vulnerability for lawful, national security purposes. The public release of this charter is a positive step toward increasing transparency on this controversial process. This announcement is certain to prompt a new round of national debate as people continue to examine and question the specifics of the charter. But another key challenge is also beginning to surface: multiple countries around the world are likely discovering, retaining and exploiting zero-day vulnerabilities without a process to properly consider the trade-offs. This needs to change. It’s time for the international community to get serious about vulnerability equities.

As Offensive Cyber Capabilities Rise, Few Consider Vulnerability Equities
More nations are bearing the responsibility to make well-informed trade-offs regarding vulnerabilities. In early 2017, senior U.S. intelligence officials told Congress that more than 30 nations are adopting offensive cyber capabilities. Such programs are increasingly integrated into military operations and planning. The United States and United Kingdom speak openly about their use of offensive cyber operations against ISIS. Russia has publicly stated its intention to use offensive cyber operations before resorting to conventional military force.
To accomplish offensive cyber missions--including law enforcement, military and traditional intelligence missions--states look for flaws or weaknesses in hardware and software that allow them to remotely access and manipulate an adversary’s computer system. Zero-day vulnerabilities provide valuable access to targets; in fact, they played important roles in prominent malware such as Stuxnet and Flamewhich was used to disrupt Iran’s nuclear program. In addition to these offensive interests, every nation also has defensive cyber interests, such as securing the systems upon which its government, businesses and citizens rely. Stronger defensive concerns relative to offensive ones, might induce a state to disclose a vulnerability to the vendor, which may then issue a patch or otherwise protect its users.
The U.S. government’s release of the VEP charter reversed a previous posture of secrecy and fulfilled an earlier commitment to transparency made by Rob Joyce, the White House cybersecurity coordinator. The new VEP charter reveals information on program participants, decision criteria, and justifications for decisions to disclose or retain zero-day vulnerabilities. There is no longer any reason to keep such a policy hidden in the shadows. Blanket secrecy about vulnerabilities is an antiquated approach. The recent momentum behind bug bounty and vulnerability-disclosure programs, in which organizations crowdsource the discovery of flaws in their information systems, shows that corporations and government agencies are both committed to taking vulnerabilities seriously, and capable of being more open.
Other than this recent U.S. disclosure, little is known publicly about how most states weigh these offensive and defensive implications of the zero-days they discover. The United Kingdom acknowledged that it discloses vulnerabilities, but has offered little information on its decision-making or whether it retains zero-days for offensive use. Robert Hannigan, then-head of the U.K.’s Government Communications Headquarters, said at a 2015 conference that his organization “has disclosed vulnerabilities in every major mobile and desktop platform, including the big names that underpin British business.” Furthermore, the organization reportedly disclosed over 20 vulnerabilities to vendors in 2016, including flaws in Firefox, iOS 9.3 and OS X El Capitan.
Canada has taken a similar approach. Its national cryptologic agency, the Communications Security Establishment, confirmedthis year that it has “a rigorous process in place to review and assess software vulnerabilities” involving a panel of experts from across the agency. But as in the United Kingdom’s case, few other details about the process are available.
In Europe, vulnerability equities discussions are nascent. Accordingto the Centre for European Studies think tank, European countries are beginning to call for the European Union to “outline specific principles for member states to follow in developing a European vulnerability equities process with clear priority given to reporting vulnerabilities to vendors.” At the same time, other states – the Netherlands, Hungary, France, Italy and Romania among them – appear to be pursuing vulnerability disclosure through forums like the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise. Such efforts, however, have focused for several years on industry disclosure processes and have yet to earnestly tackle government vulnerability equities. 

An International Framework for Vulnerability Equities
An international conversation about vulnerability equities is sorely needed. We are not advocating that all nations adopt the U.S. model of vulnerability equities. Rather, we propose that every nation that uses zero-days could take three preliminary steps:
  1. Openly acknowledge that decisions regarding retaining or releasing zero-days are not taken lightly, and that such decisions weigh both the national security gains and the cybersecurity benefit of disclosing the vulnerability to the vendor and subsequently the public.
  2. Build a process to ensure that decisions about all zero-day vulnerabilities involve participants not just from the national security community, but also those who represent commercial, critical infrastructure, and public cybersecurity interests.
  3. Pursue dialogue with external stakeholders, such as policy advocates, academics and security professionals, to ensure decisions about tradeoffs and processes are informed by a range of viewpoints.
These proposed steps will not necessarily be easy for all governments to pursue, especially for those governments whose intelligence or cyber operations programs remain tightly compartmentalized or shrouded in secrecy. Some nations, such as Russia and North Korea, may not be concerned with public cybersecurity and will not conduct open dialogue about trade-offs. But nations that pursue these steps are likely to see significant benefits.
The exercise of building a process—such as articulating a charter, identifying agency participation, voting structure and decision criteria—forces much-needed governmental introspection about the technical, procedural and cultural equities at stake. The exercise helps identify and engage key stakeholders, both inside and outside government, and foster trust among them. Furthermore, it forces governments to uncover, understand, and enforce the core values and standards by which they want to operate in the digital domain.
Building an equities process at the interagency or national level may also help mature a nation’s broader vulnerability management capabilities. For example, it might help governments assess the risk that any given vulnerability poses to its agencies, businesses and citizens. Implementing an equities process also forces agencies to mature their broader practices for fixing vulnerabilities in their own networks. While straightforward to design, a successful vulnerability management program is notoriously difficult to implement. A commitment by agencies to such a national effort will likely help keep them on track.
Private-sector stakeholders will have their own obligations. Software and hardware vendors should work hard to minimize software flaws from the outset. They should also publicly commit  to quickly developing and issuing fixes or providing mitigation instructions for disclosed vulnerabilities. And end-users would need to comply in order to apply these patches and protect their systems appropriately.  
The third step, dialogue with external stakeholders, will help other countries avoid the controversy and misunderstanding that has surrounded the U.S. vulnerability equities process. Given the inherent need for secrecy underlying operations in cyberspace, full transparency is neither realistic nor required. However, dialogue on high-level principles and process details--like which agencies are involved in decisions and how often retained vulnerabilities are reviewed-- has the potential to reduce friction and create common ground.
One tricky topic with which each nation will have to contend is that equities processes appear focused on the vulnerability itself, while some observers express a desire to understand broader issues such as how governments acquire knowledge of those flaws; what tools they use to exploit them and for how long; and how they protect such tools from exposure to malicious third parties, which may repurpose them. Governments are unlikely to reveal detail about such “life cycle” issues due to classification. But cybersecurity professionals view these issues as important matters of trust and stability in the digital domain. Both groups would benefit if cybersecurity professionals were able to express their concerns directly but constructively, and if governments listen and consider such concerns in good faith.
As nations develop these equities processes, they become empowered to share vulnerability information with like-minded countries, thereby strengthening trust and bilateral partnerships. And with a growing reliance on the global software and hardware monoculture (which may also include military weapon and defensive technologies), these partnerships may become a crucial component of military alliances.  At heart is the need to work together to responsibly promote trust, stability and security in the functioning of the global digital economy while also acknowledging legitimate national security needs. Countries that have a vulnerability equities process will be better positioned to create and contribute to this new international dialogue, demonstrate leadership, and deepen relationships with partner nations and industry.

Next Steps
What practical steps can international stakeholders take to encourage progress?  
Private sector companies, especially large information technology companies, can use their global positions to advocate for more transparent vulnerability disclosure. Companies should raise their concerns, ideas and information needs with governments, even if those governments haven’t yet acknowledged the use of zero-day vulnerabilities. However, companies should be willing to accept that their corporate interests are only one voice in a concert of equities.
Government officials from countries with equities processes should urge international counterparts to take these three steps described above (i.e. acknowledge that disparate equities are considered, develop a formal process, and engage stakeholders). Raising the issue in bilateral meetings could trigger other governments to reexamine their policies. Such engagement could take place through agencies that focus on cybersecurity and commercial interests, such as Ministries of Interior or Ministries of Commerce, in order to raise awareness among counterparts who may not be involved in decision-making about zero-day vulnerabilities. But engagement should also take place in military and intelligence channels, informing those who are most likely to find and retain zero-day vulnerabilities.
Finally, we need more vulnerability management and disclosure forums created by international policy advocates, academics and security professionals. Initiatives over the last eighteen months--like government bug bounties, vulnerability disclosure programs, and open discussion about vulnerabilities equities--have represented a material evolution in government ownership of vulnerability management.
In light of this trend, the Carnegie Endowment will aim to advance forums structured to attract policymakers, not just cybersecurity and information technology professionals, to expand constructive dialogue and build support for better vulnerability management.  Such dialogue, if well structured, can reduce divides between stakeholders, help ensure more secure governments and citizens, and promote greater stability in cyberspace.
The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not represent those of the U.S. Government, Department of Defense, or other organization.

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

John McCain named in Uranium One with signing off US uranium to Russia

Most People Are Still Unaware That We Are at the Crossroads of Human History

Zepp-LaRouche: Most People Are Still Unaware That We Are at the Crossroads of Human History

With President Trump’s potentially historic trip to Asia, which will include meetings with Chinese President Xi Jinping, less than three weeks away, a desperate effort has been launched by the British imperial oligarchy and their neocon puppets, to disrupt the trip, using their old tricks of war, terror, and aggressive disinformation.
But make no mistake, they are acting out of desperation. Their attack dog, Special Counsel Robert Mueller, who is running the fraudulent “Russiagate” prosecution to remove Trump, is under heavy fire, as the Executive Intelligence Review’s dossier on his criminal history — including his role in the persecution of Lyndon LaRouche — is being circulated widely. This week, nineteen Congressmen called for public hearings on Mueller’s activities. And there is growing awareness of an inevitable blowout of the debt bubble-dominated financial system, unless there is a rapid implementation of Lyndon LaRouche’s Four Basic Laws.
The moment has arrived when this degenerate empire can be defeated.
Helga LaRouche was again prominently featured in the Chinese press this week, in a People’s Daily video interview on how China’s Belt and Road Initiative is changing history.
Join Mrs. LaRouche on Thursday, as she presents the full global strategic picture, in her weekly webcast.
HARLEY SCHLANGER:  Hello, I'm Harley Schlanger from the Schiller Institute, and I'd like to welcome you again to our webcast with Helga Zepp-LaRouche.
There's an absolutely extraordinary event underway in China right now; the 19th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party.  And in an address yesterday, President Xi Jinping laid out a bold strategy for the next 35-40 years on how to expand the developments of the Belt and Road Initiative, which has already lifted the majority of the people of China out of poverty.  This is being treated in the Western media as an opportunity to attack China, to deride the economic model, to talk about how it won't work, to even characterize Xi Jinping as a new Stalin.  But while that's the nonsense coming out in the Western media, the Chinese press has been featuring Helga Zepp-LaRouche for her analysis of what's occurring.  So, we have the great benefit of being able to hear directly from Helga.  So, Helga, let me turn over to you.
HELGA ZEPP-LAROUCHE:  Yes.  I made a comment to China Daily where I emphasized one aspect of the speech by President Xi Jinping, and that is that he mentioned about 14 times in the context of his three-and-a-half hour long speech, where he emphasized that the aim of politics and of the efforts of the CPC [Communist Party of China] is to create a better and happier life for the people.  Now that is a thought which when I look at the various politicians in the West, I haven't heard them talking about that.  But if you really think about it, that is what politics should be all about, and it's no accident that this idea was actually in the American Declaration of Independence; where one of the inalienable rights mentioned there is the pursuit of happiness.
So, I have been in China several times in the recent period, and I have seen that the people are happy; that they are optimistic about the future.  I think if I look at the speech of Xi Jinping, he has an incredible perspective which makes total sense that it is realistic given the fact that China has already uplifted 700 million people out of poverty.  If you take that success story, then you have all the reasons to believe that the Chinese government will be able to fulfill what Xi Jinping laid out as a vision until the year 2050.
Since this has been very little reported in the Western media, let me just repeat what he said.  He said the goal of China is to eliminate all poverty until 2020.  That is a remaining I think 42 million people; which is not much, if you think that China is a country of 1.4 billion people.  But they want to uplift all the people so that nobody is left in poverty by 2020.  Then, the next goal is until 2035, where China is supposed to become a moderately prosperous, modern, functioning socialist country.  Then, until the year 2050, China is supposed to become a strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious, and beautiful country; fully modernized.  I think this is an incredible, beautiful goal.  Xi Jinping in his speech emphasized that following the century of humiliation for China, which was characterized by the Opium Wars and similar events, that China decided not to take any foreign model, but to develop its own model of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Now, I think that the West would be well advised to actually look into what these Chinese characteristics are, because the secret of the success of the Chinese economic miracle I think has to be found and can be found in the 5,000 years of Chinese history.  Xi Jinping emphasized that in these 5,000 years, China has contributed many things to the development of mankind, and it intends to continue to do so.  One of the big contributions of China for sure was not only that Confucius was born and developed to be one of the great teachers of all times, but that was actually the state philosophy of China for the better part of 2,500 years with the short exception of the Cultural Revolution — the ten years from 1966 to '76.  But therefore, Confucian thinking and the ideas of Confucius are very deeply ingrained in the Chinese model; and I have stated many times that I personally, from studying the speeches of Xi Jinping, have come to the conclusion that Xi Jinping himself is a Confucian thinking man.
Then also, then he emphasized that intending to become an innovation-based society; that the spirit of science should have a very important role.  I have seen this many times that that is actually what China is doing, by always trying to leapfrog to the newest state of the art technologies.  That way, China has already become a world leader in several categories.  Therefore, all these slanders against China that it's just stealing Western patents and Western technologies — that may have been the case at the beginning of the opening up to the West.  By the way, everybody else is also taking any advantage they can find in terms of foreign technologies.  I know of many European business leaders who are convinced that the NSA is not outside of that domain at all.  Anyway, so that was just a parenthesis.  But, in any case, China is planning to become a science-based economy by the year 2025; and I think that is very beneficial for all the countries in the Belt and Road Initiative, in the New Silk Road; because China has offered in particular to share its scientific and technological advances with developing countries.  I think this is of great benefit for mankind.
I think this 19th National Congress of the CPC is not just relevant for China.  But I think it will radiate throughout the rest of the world, because naturally everybody looks at this model and says why is it so successful; and maybe there is something we can learn from it.  So we should make sure people really pay attention to the substance of what is going on, and not just to the media accounts which are mostly negative.  I always use the example of Hegel, the German philosopher, in his Phenomenology of the Mind, wrote that the servant who helps the world-historical individual to dress up only can see the underwear, and doesn't understand the vision of the mind of the world-historical individual.  That's the image I have of the journalists who are writing these ridiculous articles; they are just valets, the servant who helps the man to dress up.
SCHLANGER:  It's clear that the Western media is much more interested in underwear than in these physical processes of development.  You describe this as a dynamic, global process; and the Western media keeps saying it's going to fail.  In particular, they're saying that China is creating a great credit bubble that will collapse.  What's the reality there?  Why are they wrong, Helga?
ZEPP-LAROUCHE:  Well, I think it's ridiculous, because naturally China has taken credit and has debt; but all of this debt is backed up with physical essence, because China has this debt because it finances infrastructure projects, industrial parks, hydropower, all kinds of physical investments, which, if there would be ever a crisis, these physical investments would be still be there.  They are real wealth, which is in complete contradiction and opposite of the trans-Atlantic financial system, which is entirely speculative, which is a complete bubble.  It's just funny, because today is the 30th anniversary of that Monday of 1987.  My husband Lyndon LaRouche had predicted that bubble at the time; and we have seen a worsening of the situation ever since because nothing was done to correct it.  But instead you had Alan Greenspan undermining the Glass-Steagall and then finally Larry Summers in 1999 eliminating Glass-Steagall. Ever since, you've had the incredible deregulation of the financial markets, which then eventually led to the Crash of 2007, which again was predicted by my husband a week before it happened; then finally, the Lehman Brothers-AIG crash of 2008. Many commentators are actually making the point on this anniversary, that this crisis which started in earnest in 2007-2008, is far from being over.  All the parameters are worse than in 2008; and there are some commentators — one from the London School of Economics even — who says the bullish character of the assets is actually showing characteristics exactly like before the crash of 1987; and that it could even come to big financial explosion in October or November of this year, which could happen at any moment.
So, we are sitting on this powder keg, and it's ridiculous that people are blaming China, which is the only country which is investing in real goods, for the crash when they themselves are sitting on this powder keg.  I think is something we urgently should address with the campaign for Glass-Steagall and our program to go back to Hamiltonian economics.
 But one final word:  The attacks on Xi Jinping are coming from people like this Mr. Pomfret from the Washington Post, who compared Xi Jinping to Stalin.  These are people who are just projecting their own evil thoughts onto China; but they will not prevail because what do they have to offer other than words, which mean very little, while China is making a new financial and economic model which brings benefit to all countries which participate.  Therefore, it will prevail.
SCHLANGER:  It's clear that the irony here is that it's a sign of the bankruptcy of Western thinking that while we have the biggest bubble in world history in commercial debt, in financial debt, student debt, car debt; every category of debt is at record levels.  Leverage is over the roof.  That they're looking at China, and talking about the China debt.  One element of this is that, as you said, it's not just China.  But there's now growing interest around the world, because the Chinese have been doing something.  It's not just something they're talking about doing in the future.  We're seeing a great deal of interest worldwide. Can you just fill us in a little bit on what's happening around the world with the Belt and Road?
ZEPP-LAROUCHE:  I think the most interesting thing is what's going on in the United States.  We are now about two weeks away from when President Trump goes to Asia.  He will visit five or six countries, but the most important one will be the state visit to China.  I have the feeling that this will lead to some major forms of cooperation between the United States and China; maybe even an official statement that the United States will join the Belt and Road, and that they will work vice versa to support the projects both of the Belt and Road, but also in the United States.  Because the mood in the United States — and we had a couple of conferences in the last weeks, where we either organized them or we participated in them.  And there were many business leaders who said it doesn't matter what the government will say, because the Belt and Road Initiative is the only way to go.  Either we jump on the train of the Belt and Road Initiative, or we will see the lights of the last wagon from behind and we will be left behind.  That is exactly the mood which we find in Germany, where despite the fact that the German government is still putting the brakes on in line with the EU and Brussels, but that doesn't mean that, for example, all the other countries of Eastern Europe, of Central Europe, of the Balkans, of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, Austria; they are all in the direction of becoming a hub of the New Silk Road.  They see the benefits.
The best example, just to give one of many, is what happens with Greece.  Greece, which was tortured by the Troika — the IMF, the ECB, and the EU Commission — who imposed the most brutal austerity; which was even characterized by the UN Human Rights Commission as a violation of human rights.  These policies of the Troika have reduced the Greek economy by one-third, shortened the life expectancy, increased the death rate, led to an incredible emigration of young, skilled labor.  So, this was the policy of the EU.  Now comes China with the Belt and Road policy.  China has built up the port of Piraeus, they are now building a railway from the Greek ports to Belgrade to Budapest — again opposed by the EU for no good reason.  It has changed the self confidence of the Greek people.  So, Prime Minister Tsipras was just in Washington, and he met with Trump together with a whole large delegation of cabinet members and others. Trump, contrary to the EU, promised a reasonable debt relief, real investment in the real economy, and strong cooperation between Greece and the United States.  This is just a completely different attitude, so therefore the United States will be a featured guest at the next big fair next year in Thessaloniki. It has changed the self confidence of the Greek people; who now say that we are no longer at the rim of the EU, but we are now in the center of the Eurasian development.
So, the spirit of the New Silk Road, which we have talked about last time, this is a new thinking that mankind can work together for the common good.  And that it doesn't have to be the geopolitical interests of one group against the geopolitical interests of another group, but that "win-win" cooperation, where each country benefits, is actually the spirit of this new era. So, this is going on, and I think if you take that together with the developments in Africa, in Ibero-America, this spirit is marching forward.  I am absolutely confident that it will characterize a completely new era of civilization.
SCHLANGER:  You mentioned the Tsipras meeting with Trump, where Trump spoke about responsible debt relief.  This is the second time in a couple of weeks that he's brought up dealing with the debt problem.  He talked about doing away with, or cancelling, or writing off Puerto Rico's debt.  Now he's talking about this question of the Greek debt needing to be written down; which is obvious except to the bankers who are holding the debt. Obviously this is a big part of the reason, along with his strategic initiative towards China and Russia, why there's still a Russia-gate attack against him.  But there are some developments in the last week against that.  I wonder if you have some thoughts on that.
ZEPP-LAROUCHE:  I think there is now a very important letter by 19 Congressmen to the head of the Judiciary Committee, Senator Grassley, demanding that the role of Special Counsel Robert Mueller should be investigated for being biased and having a conflict of interest.  I think that is very interesting, and in a certain sense the tide can change very quickly.  This was also mentioned by Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov, who at the beginning of the Valdai Forum, which is just taking place in Sochi, basically said that the nine months of investigation of the phony Russia-gate have resulted in absolutely no evidence that there would be any collusion of the Trump team with Russia. And he noted very positively that this has not deterred President Trump from his election promise that he would improve the relationship with Russia.  I think this is very interesting, because I have said this already in the past, but let me restate it, because it's not self-evident for many people.  If the three large countries — the United States, China, and Russia — find an agreement among each other and stop to think that you have to have a nuclear build-up and nuclear deterrence and geopolitical maneuvers to outdo the other one; that is the precondition for world peace.  I think that the whole question of how do you deal with the rise of China, will there be a "Thucydides trap"; will it lead to World War III?  Some journalists are repeating that line and saying that this is the only way.  But I think if you look at the strategic partnership between Xi Jinping and Putin, if President Trump deters these attempts of Russia-gate and continues to seek cooperation with Russia, and at the same time, maybe it comes to a big breakthrough in the context of his state visit in two weeks from now, the world will enter a new era; a new stage of development, and the whole world will benefit off it.
So, I think for the people in the United States, it's very important not to be caught in the small issues defined by yellow journalism of the Washington Post and the New York Times and CNN, who are competing with each other to spread fake news.  But they should actually really think that there is a way where if the United States and China would work together on the New Silk Road, and if President Trump continues to seek a positive relationship with Russia, that is in the interest of everybody.
SCHLANGER:  Helga, there's one other area where Americans really have no clue of what's going on, largely due to the media; and that's what's happening in Europe.  You had the Catalonia separatist vote and the continued flak over that; you just had an election in Austria where the ruling parties took another big hit, just as they had in Germany.  Can you give a sense of what's happening in Europe and how this is part of the same dynamic? Obviously, the Brexit issue is not resolved.  So, what's happening in Europe?
ZEPP-LAROUCHE:  It is exactly the same dynamic which led to the election victory of President Trump.  There are many people in European nations who have the feeling that the politicians don't care about the well-being of the people; quite contrary to what Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech, and what is practiced in China.  For example, if you look at the present negotiations in Germany to form a so-called Jamaica coalition — Jamaica because the colors of these parties are the same as in the flag of Jamaica; it's basically the conservative CSU/CDU, the liberals the FDP, and the Greens.  I have not heard any substantial grand design or vision for the future in these discussions; it's all about posts and minimal agreements.  People just have the feeling that the political class, which has condoned the fact that the poor become poorer, the middle class becomes more threatened, the rich become more rich; and the well-being of the people is left behind.  There are many people who don't make things match, and don't make ends match.  People feel really that the political class has moved entirely away from them; and that is reflected in the Brexit, in the rise of the AfD, the right populist extremist party in Germany.  It's expressed in the right-wing election victory in Austria.  And it is expressed in the Catalonia separatist movement, which right now today is really moving in a very dangerous direction.
Why is it happening?  The separatists of Catalonia, which is the richest province of Spain, nevertheless feel that they get poorer under the present EU regime; and therefore, they want to have a certain independence — a northern autonomy.  Naturally, this is against the Constitution of Spain; the Spanish government of Prime Minister Rojoy has taken a hard line.  This is actually a very dangerous thing, and it's being steered by outside forces. There are Spanish papers who accuse George Soros of having financed the separatists.  There was coverage in the Russian media pointing to the fact that there is a video being circulated by the separatists in Catalonia, which has exactly the same script as a similar video which was used in the Maidan coup against the Ukrainian government of Yanukovych.  Namely, you have woman standing in the street saying thousands and thousands of people are taking to the streets; then they show pictures of police violence; then they basically demand that people should support them and spread the word and so on.  Exactly word by word the same video.  I would say that it points in the direction that it's the same apparatus which was behind the Maidan, the Maidan against  President Trump, and now in Catalonia.  It's really an oligarchical conception, because we have reported since a very long time about the oligarchy preferring a Europe of the regions, and not a Europe of strong nation-states which would work together like in the tradition of DeGaulle; an alliance of the fatherlands.  But destroying the nation-state, and having only regions of maybe 3 million each, naturally gives their supranational structures a much greater power, and the people are basically without power.  So, this is a very dangerous development; and that is really the last rearguard battle of the oligarchy.
Because I think that the other dynamic which I described earlier, the New Silk Road dynamic becoming stronger in all of Europe, is the one which is advancing more quickly.  But it's a turbulent time, and again, I would like all our listeners and viewers to contact us.  The Schiller Institute is providing knowledge about the New Silk Road; we are continuously researching it more.  We are putting out more reports about it. We will make more literature available, because people need to be educated that there is an alternative.
It is my experience, and I think of you Harley, you can confirm it, that once people know about the New Silk Road, they get completely excited.  They get optimistic; they say "I have a future. It is worth it for me to study if I'm a young person.  I can become a scientist, I can become an astronaut, I can become a teacher.  I have a future."  That is so important, especially in the United States for example, where you have this terrible opioid epidemic, where people are full of despair.  Or in Europe, you have many unemployed youth in Italy or in Spain who neither have a job, nor are in education.  A youth which has neither of those naturally is prone to become either a terrorist or a criminal or violent or drug addicted or some other terrible thing.  So therefore, the knowledge that there is a way how we can, together, form a better future is so important.  So, please help us to spread the news.
SCHLANGER:  And this is the whole point of these webcasts: To bring to you a picture of the spirit of the Silk Road, and to give you the capability to ask the right questions and to get the right answers.  Again, come to us and engage in a dialogue in an organizing process with us.
Helga, there are going to be a number of events over the next days with the 19th Party Congress continuing; and we'll look forward to hearing from you again on this next week.