Afghanistan: a quarter of a century without the "shuravi"
25 years ago Soviet troops after nine years of war out of Afghanistan
The war in Afghanistan has not ended to this day — if Soviet troops entered the territory of this country, as it was said, "at the request of the people", after their care of local citizens, "forced to peace" has been the American "peacekeepers". So the war continues. And ex-soldier of the limited contingent of troops in Afghanistan remember the war every day. Today we publish their darker memories. Our interlocutors are not officers and officers and enlisted men, ordinary soldiers.
"Everyone was ready once more unto the breach..."
Andrew Podorozhny, a resident of Rozdol'ne guard Sergeant, he served from 1985 to 1987, 149 th guards red banner order of the red Star Czestochowa infantry regiment, based in Kunduz:
"From the Crimea to my call to Afghanistan has got 34 people, we were appointed initially in Evpatoria tank regiment, where he brought two hundred people from all over Ukraine. There have been a second Commission on the suitability of the service, and then we were sent to Tashkent, where three months we spent in basic training.
We really, guys, a little that understood where we were going and why. Remember in basic training the officer, a major from Peter, who was with us political information, so to speak, were prepared for service on foreign soil. I used to drink sotochku and begins: "Well, meat?"... And then talked about the political situation in the world and Afghanistan. And I haven't been keeping up, honest said get to the chopper. And we are all young, such hounds, he wanted us assholes a little perch. We listened with open mouths, I thought: "Oh my!" He whole truth twisting that everyone was ready breast on an embrasure to go. And let major this base: what will happen to the people of Afghanistan and the world, if we leave. Then another said that Afghanistan actually wants the Union to enter, sixteenth Republic. It turned out later that not everyone wants it...
Before sending to Afghanistan we're great "freewheeling" — to one of children's parents with the bride came here and brought vodka and snacks. Drank until transported to the airfield in the back of the machine, enough even on the plane to drink.
And then we found out that our "correct" the political officer that we are "built" for the service had their family four tier different trophy property in St. Petersburg to send — it is a long time "in Afghanistan" were. In General, among the officers was such that it robbed is terrible, and their, consider, and strangers".
"Flash is right flash on the left!"
Edward Lobach, difference, private, served from 1985 to late 1986, in the 191st motorized rifle regiment Ghazni:
"Called from Simferopol, five months was school in Kharkiv, and there I learned that going to serve in Afghanistan. Then I got to Tashkent, and from there in Chirchik, there was a SWAT drill. From there sent soldiers from all over the Union and distributed already to the Far East, across the southern border. All already sent, and we sit. Beards have pozarastali, even shaving would not. And May 9, said, the next morning we were on the car and to the airport.
Sat for two days in Kabul, then directed us to a separate radio engineering battalion, which provided communication of staff of the 40th army in Tashkent.
But got to the location we immediately just at that time conducted combined arms operations in Panjshir and we could not fly. Was looking for a passing chopper, and they are all the eyeballs were the bombs loaded. Five days caught the helicopter. And then another, and passing the APC was looking for, even had to go back until he reached the battalion.
The most vivid recollection was the first attack. That's when I our teacher, the military instructor school remembered the command: "Flash right flash on the left!" Instantly under a rock to hide. Then, of course, got used, during the shelling and the head was raised, and fire intermittently.
The spirits then the first "Stingers" got the territory regiment of them and fired, because to us not to approach the perimeter trenches and minefields. And after a day they are simple peasants, galoshes on his bare feet, the peaceful and the poor, their almost — live with the regiment. Then all day digging gardens, then on our dump with household waste looking for something. And night closer to the positions, on the outskirts of the minefield will fit and fire. First shot Nursi (unguided rocket projectile), and then the "Stingers" they have to supply.
Shell-shocked me at the end of 1985, when carried to be treated. I suddenly turned yellow (jaundice sick), we, "yellow", immersed in the same "pill" (a truck GAS-66) with the red cross on Board. So everyone knew it was a medical machine, but nobody stopped. When the shelling started, the spirits ended up in the nearby APC, he exploded, the explosion our car hooked. Woke up when we were pulling in a bunch. Not brought to the Central hospital in Kabul, and in infektsionku, it's not even a hospital, and a village of prefabricated modules, with an area of a hectare.
From our company in forty-five people were killed five, one shot himself, another a crossbow, shot himself in the hand. To be honest, he was uneasy and went to the shelf to not "get taken". Said that participated in some Scam in Bagram, laid their boys the specials. It was transferred to us. He had in the hospital came, but the hand was amputated, because necrotic. So he was discharged later all without hands."
"He served in Afghanistan for six months"
Ruslan Kryazhev, a resident of Simferopol district, served in Afghanistan in 1985, 682-m motorized rifle regiment of the 108th motorized rifle division Nevel, private. Awarded the medal "For courage":
"Recruited from Belogorsk, we had about two hundred people, from Feodosiya and Kerch. I'm in the military wrote that they wanted to serve in Afghanistan, for which mom cloth received. But when it became clear that I have a "team of 20", it became clear where you're going. The training was held in Uzbekistan, at Termez.
Served as all. Outputs on fighting, Stripping, escorting columns. In October, the Panjshir participated in the operation on the next attempt of capture by our troops of Ahmad Shah Massoud. We were ordered to capture him, and he had them sort of hero of the people. Then many of our were killed at the height someone has frostbite, killed someone. But capture it it did not work — I think someone warned him about the operation.
There I was badly wounded by shrapnel, were seven wounds, mostly shrapnel in the leg — we were under a mortar attack. Somehow came to our checkpoint, there legs bandaged, there was himself. But when I was already in the chopper skid, could not get up... Sent first to Bagram, then to Kabul, and from there to Military-medical Academy named after Kirov in Leningrad. Very first twelve operations, six months or even six, was discharged through the hospital in March 1986.
Disability in the civilian world I was given once, at the Academy, then Gorbachev allowed that the Afghans were given disability group from perpetual.
Turned out, I served in Afghanistan for six months, enough for a lifetime, twice went to the caravan, and the last to capture Ahmad Shah. By the way, say, he at the very height of 4300 meters where we were trying to capture, and later buried".
Ahmad Shah Massoud — the Afghan field commander, later defence Minister of Afghanistan, Tajik, known by the nickname lion of Panjshir, Soviet troops had against him nine military operations. "Massoud" in Arabic means "happy".
"Afghan children — though small, but spirits..."
Oleg Nikiforov, the difference, Sergeant, served in 1981-1983 in the reconnaissance 191st regiment in Ghazni, was awarded the medal "For courage":
"Called me from Fergana, and instead of school, consider, immediately to Afghanistan were sent there to fight and learn. Here Afghan children, remember, very quickly learned Russian. Basic phrases — about what to sell, what to buy: "the Soviets, jeans necessary, or "Went to x...". But still, at least a little, and spirits. There was a case in the shelf four times in a row armored personnel carriers from the location went four times in a row exploding mines. Question: how do mines if guarded everything so that the mouse does not slip? And only the commander looked carefully and found: every day past the checkpoint is a teenager, driving a flock of the lamb, and in the evening, driving her back. And sandals the boy's strange — the soles are made, as it turned out, of finely cut tires. And while the flock was passing by the checkpoint, the boy squatted on his haunches and buried mine-"Italian", it is almost impossible to detect. On the spot remained the footsteps of the flock, and the trail of armored personnel carriers, human traces. In the morning out war machine and undermined on a mine.
And once captured we to combat a truckload of money — it's the spooks, you see, the salary carried. Their local, Afgana, there was a little, mostly it was Packed with dollars. And if you find you have Afghani, it is not particularly punishing, but for the currency period was serious. Here we have the car with its contents and burned. So for us the specials, probably six months, hunted, questioned where the currency of Delhi, visited the site. We show burned to the ground by a truck and they don't believe, because scrappy has no money, not one dollar. But something happened..."
"Spooks and walk, and smell different"
Anatoly biting midges, Simferopol, served in 1985-1987, a Sergeant in the 345 th guards parachute regiment:
"He called me from Petrozavodsk, I was there almost five years spent in the merchant Navy. We wrote the application in Afghanistan, eight us sailors were. Before sending parachute jump, and a 35-degree frost, and it is forbidden. Passed the Fergana school, and sent me to Kabul and two friends in Bagram, and here I am the commander asked to go there. There we three of us went, three of us and then returned to civilian life. I have two shell — shock, mine-blast and on the missile.
I'm not about heroes, about the dog our tell a Squirrel. We have it is a favorite of the whole group was brought to her from a shelf, picked up on vzletke. Thought leaving for the vet, take to the Union. Squirrel spirits felt not just a dog-friend, she's a catch. The smell of another was determined for five hundred meters, spooks smell differently and walk differently. It us not just saved from bullets and shells, like a military dog have been trained to hide. He served us one and a half years, and then died in the fire. Warming up on the mound, and there exactly rocket shell hit her and ripped to shreds. Left her puppies — beam and a Sleeve, they are long on her grave whined. The liner we took, and the Beam then saved by a group of spirits made his way through the minefield and poisoned the water reserve in the tanks. And the Beam sensed a strange smell, razgavkalas, all raised on combat alert, and then found that the water was poisoned. In General, the service we have carried all, only about four-legged almost never write.
It turned out that, in addition to the Squirrels and puppies, we still have a Cobra lived under the bunks of the boxes where we slept. And coexisted with a Squirrel. And we learned about the Cobra quite by accident: it's completion, the new soldiers came in, and the snake crawled out from under the bunk and hood dismissed, hissing. He scared it all automatic horn and released. It turned out she was his cabret defended, they, too, under the bunks was hiding five feet by fifteen each. We then told the local that the Cobra is the best guard, it's just the smell of each soldier living knew, and the new soldiers, she was not familiar.
I do not like pathos, you, like, all the characters. Before we asked — tell us about the characters. And I saw the man becomes a coward, degrades, psyche he breaks down... In war, because anything can happen. We in the merchant Navy knew something, and the boys came young from their mother tear, but they life is not seen. These still do not want to remember, like as not.
Yes there are young, many before Dembele when he left a few months, was afraid to go on fighting — and suddenly killed. That mowed as they could. And if he is afraid, then he is no warrior. The commanders themselves are trying Dembele in the fighting did not take, knew that if a person feels that will kill or undermine, as a rule, happens.
A reward? To be honest: I'm a Gorbachev award was removed because he ruined our country, awards from Yushchenko also never wear — he gave the Hero of Ukraine to Bandera and Shukhevych. And don't wear a sign "From the grateful Afghan people". Think about it: that they should be grateful to us?"
Prepared by Wanda ZWICKA
Material published in the newspaper "Crimean Telegraph" № 268 dated 14 February 2014
Material published in the newspaper "Crimean Telegraph" № 268 dated 14 February 2014